The COVID-19 pandemic is an unexpected disaster that hit the world earlier this 12 months. Starting in Wuhan, China, COVID-19 has unfold to greater than 216 countries worldwide. The speedy transmission has shaken the world, which was by no means ready for its influence. The well being disaster has not solely affected the well being sector however has additionally had a domino impact on all socioeconomic sectors.
Most international locations have applied lockdown insurance policies to stop the unfold of COVID-19. This is likely to be the most suitable choice to scale back the potential variety of infections. However, the most effective at all times comes with penalties. By making use of a lockdown coverage, international locations have been pressured to halt their home and worldwide socioeconomic actions. People are requested to remain at house and interact in fewer bodily actions like working, touring or procuring outdoors their houses.
Indonesia is among the many international locations hit by the virus. The announcement of the primary COVID-19 instances by President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo on March 2 marked the start of the federal government’s battle in combating the COVID-19 transmission. As of July 21, Indonesia had recorded a complete of 89,869 instances with 48,466 recoveries.
The authorities has made numerous efforts to interrupt the chain of COVID-19 transmission. Large-scale social restrictions (PSBB), which have been initiated by the federal government, are roughly much like a lockdown coverage in different international locations. The coverage has restricted socioeconomic actions somewhat than stopping them to stop our economic system stumbling. However, many warn that Indonesia will face the specter of recession with a number of indicators rising up to now three months, such because the declining financial development price and increasing unemployment and poverty rates.
Despite the variety of instances reaching 1,000 per day, the federal government just lately launched a post-pandemic coverage, which permits companies to open and other people to journey. The introduction of “Adaptasi Kebiasaan Baru”, often known as “the new normal”, requires individuals to comply with the Health Ministry’s protocols as the brand new pointers for the post-pandemic society.
In the brand new regular or post-pandemic period, all individuals are obliged to put on masks, keep away from bodily contact, keep bodily distance and bear physique temperature screening in public locations or services. How will individuals adapt to the brand new protocols in working their every day actions? What can expertise do to speed up the variation?
Technology is among the needed instruments to assist individuals adapt. The speedy growth of expertise like synthetic intelligence (AI), the web of issues (IoT) and massive information will assist us to automate some processes with none human intervention. These applied sciences can empower different current expertise like CCTV, public tackle programs and even our cell phones.
For instance, social-distancing protocols would possibly require the federal government to position safety guards all over the place, which might be unattainable. It would drive the federal government to allocate extra sources by way of funding and manpower, which regularly results in inefficiency. The course of must be transient and strengthened with the assistance of expertise. For occasion, an AI engine can empower CCTV to have the ability to detect crowds robotically. Even additional, IoT-based public tackle programs will assist to disperse crowds instantly and robotically.
We also can make the most of expertise to substitute bodily contact. As individuals are required to keep away from any bodily contact, standard attendance or barrier gate programs that use card tapping or fingerprints are now not related. Those standard strategies may be changed with touchless expertise equivalent to facial-recognition programs, which permit individuals to open door entry utilizing their faces whereas logging their attendance on the similar time.
The new precautions additionally require constructing managements or the federal government to display screen their guests or individuals who have been in public locations, equivalent to MRT stations, Commuter Line stations, hospitals and so forth. To do that, they must allocate extra manpower on the bottom to manually monitor guests’ temperatures and verify masks utilization. AI-powered CCTVs with connected thermal sensors can robotically detect an individual’s physique temperature and whether or not she or he is sporting a masks or not. Integrated with a barrier gate, it’s going to robotically open the gate when it detects one has a standard physique temperature and is sporting a masks.
Above all, the whole information captured by CCTVs and different sensors shall be considered huge information within the post-pandemic period. Presidential Regulation No 39/2019 on information supplies a robust base to stimulate huge information utilization in social support distribution information, regardless of the challenges in a disaster. Big information can play a serious position in adaptation in a post-pandemic interval, particularly in formulating higher selections for the longer term.
We would possibly lastly notice the dream for a digital life by minimizing human interventions to scale back bodily contact and shorten processing time. As every little thing occurs robotically, we will reap the advantages to speed up the variation course of. In the tip, with the dynamics of technological innovation, we surmise the huge chance for expertise may be capitalized for higher functions in our society. (wng)
The author acts as authorities relations at Qlue, a complete sensible metropolis supplier firm in Indonesia, which includes leveraging workforce administration, synthetic intelligence (AI) and web of issues (IoT). Anthony is Qlue’s level of contact for communications throughout metropolis governments. He has a robust ardour for sensible metropolis, city growth, socio-political sector and digital governance.
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Disclaimer: The opinions expressed on this article are these of the writer and don’t replicate the official stance of The Jakarta Post.