Decoding China’s conflict technique and doctrines within the Himalayas: Recaliberating India’s counter-strategy (Part-II)

To be life like, India has little or no time to offset its army weaknesses as China continues to use its power below the shadow of this pandemic. May be, India must be totally equipped in a short while span earlier than it faces a really severe risk. India’s speedy choices should be expedited on a quick monitor as mentioned above to thwart the current risk. In addition, it must take full help of its ‘Strategic Alliance’ companions to offset the asymmetry. However, within the longer run(after this risk has been dissipated), India wants to alter path in the direction of self-sufficiency and a brand new defence technique, recent doctrines, organisations and allow ‘Make in India’ manufacturing.  First want, is to re-orientate our strategic path and overview India’s ‘National Security Strategy’ (NSS) and downwards to Joint Military Doctrines. The working ‘Defence Policy Guidelines’ (DPG) ought to shift to a extra proactive stance and India’s conflict technique ought to transit to an ‘Offensive-Defensive’ precept of conflict. To construct and evolve nationwide methods, we must always encourage the elevating of Indian Defence University (INDU), and inside it, we must always create a Military Science College. We ought to thereafter, spin out PhDs from these centres of excellence to allow cultivating a strategic tradition with Indian traits. The thrust of warfare will proceed to be primarily based on networked expertise supported by synthetic intelligence and robotics. The above-mentioned capabilities warrant jointness in any respect ranges. Therefore, there’s a sturdy case to cross an ‘Armed Forces Joint Act’ within the Indian Parliament. This needs to be on the identical line because the Goldwater–Nichols Act of 1986 handed in U.S. senate to drive the spirit of Jointness within the US Armed Forces and streamline the command chains. India ought to institutionalise a ‘Strategic Defence Review’ (SDR) periodically to cater to rising threats together with the impression of Covid-19 Pandemic situation and the rising alliances. New alignments of countries and a modified world order should be re-calibrated. New geo-political and geo-strategic realities could compel army alliances, to rebalance the facility matrix on this area. The voids within the army energy equation must be addressed by numerous uneven methods akin to what the Chinese performed to face US superiority. One has to find a number of weak hyperlinks of the adversary, akin to the chakras in a human physique. For instance, a strike on the photo voltaic plexus chakra could make the strongest additionally reel again in ache. Obviously, this means the necessity for a really subtle structure for harnessing the area and close to earth surveillance belongings. If assistance on this side must be taken from strategic allies then it needs to be standardised by an MOU and joint workouts in peacetime. In truth, such a “Real Time” Information primarily based community needs to be the guts of future campaigns to provide India the decisive edge.  Additionally, there’s a must improve our spectrum warfare functionality. For uneven threats, that is the perfect resolution. The newer idea of utilizing state-of-the-art ‘Non-Nuclear Electromagnetic-Pulse’ (NNEMP) weapons or possibly comparable weapons, can blackout the battlefield for each side paralysing all communication networks and inflicting a programs failure of all entities just like the artillery help, air help and missile firing. All communication managed drive multipliers will go off-road and the 2 armies will face the pre- First World War situation, the place the primacy of the battle could be relegated to the infantry fight degree. Handheld weapons and fistfights will then be the battle-winning issue. The Cyber-war/social media area also needs to be strengthened by recruiting 1000’s of volunteers with laptops.

Yet one other urgent reorganization required is the idea of ‘Unified Theatre commands’. This must be urgently established for the Headquarters Northern Command akin to the just lately shaped China’s Western Theatre Command (Formed in 2016 at Lanzhou). This will likely be a war-winning technique by a easy reorganizational initiative. There can also be a case to revisit our nuclear doctrine, which additionally must mirror on our tolerance thresholds limits astride the LAC on the Himalayas. This is the artwork of leveraging nuclear belongings to offset standard disadvantages, both as a consequence of an opposed battle state of affairs or as a deterrent philosophy. It may be argued that Tactical Nuclear Weapons (TNWs) are all the time an choice for warfighting a minimum of theoretically. Thus, their growth shouldn’t be taboo. In truth, it’ll management the ‘Escalation Ladder’ and strengthen the deterrence. Fusion applied sciences have allowed miniaturisation of nuclear warheads and thus the aptitude of MIRV kind of nuclear arsenals, which have all the time been included in PLA nuclear doctrines and different P-5 powers, needs to be added in India’s stock too. They routinely improve the deterrence asymmetry in the course of the warfighting stage and solely add yet another step within the ‘Escalation Ladder’. Therefore, the side of TNWs must be debated as a deterrence stabilising issue. India additionally has to cater for a shock Chemical or Bio assault. 

As regards organisational reforms, there’s a must hasten up the already began course of of making brigade bricks and lots of different organisational restructurings with the essential philosophy of constructing leaner organisations to which need to be added the facility of Info-networks and the punch of precision fireplace. There is a must re-orbat and redeploy Formations preserving in thoughts the teachings of the current standoff. Additional Formations may be created by right-sizing numerous items and sub-units within the army. This can the truth is launch power for creating minimal two extra divisions or a further offensive Light Corps, with goals in-depth to outmanoeuvre the enemy’s essential offensive reverse Ladakh/Central Sector/Eastern sector of the LAC. Let them practise to grab important goals within the depth and lots of such areas north of the LAC. Indian Special Forces be additionally grouped into brigades and be practised for operations all throughout the entrance behind enemy strains. Harnessing native Tibetans ought to all the time stay on the agenda. India enjoys a novel geographic benefit. The LAC runs alongside the Himalayas. India’s core power is these Himalayas, which additionally present pure caves, which may be bolstered for defence functions. Not solely they merge into the atmosphere giving concealment from satellites but in addition they’ll simply stand up to enemy’s precision strike and air assaults. Further, one can even deploy long-range rocket and missile forces in the direction of the south of Ladakh (For e.g. at Manali and so forth.) in comparable pure caves. India ought to utilise this benefit and thus undertake a technique of massed fireplace from these bases, akin to the Russian idea. (Deep battle is a Russian idea that focussed on terminating enemy forces not solely within the entrance line however all through the depth of the battlefield).This technique of massed fireplace at lengthy ranges from protected bases can break the PLA offensive at low prices. We can even begin pondering of the sixth era of warfare with ‘Offensive Aerospace Operations’ led by UAVs and proceeded by ‘EW’ operations. The infantry will get solely the supporting position for floor forces. Again, this permits an uneven warfare functionality to counter the numerical power of the PLA.

India’s conflict technique ought to shift to alliance/companions till 2035 to offset the mentioned asymmetry. In this interim, one ought to vow to not make strategic blunders which were made in lots because the final 70 years. Remake India’s defence capabilities to be self-reliant primarily based on Indian thought created by educational centres of excellence (like INDU and so forth.) Encourage quick monitor R&D akin to the ‘DARPA’ just like the mannequin of America, particularly to beat the dragon within the Himalayas. Let DRDO stay in its place army scientific enterprise. Evolve a ‘NSS’, which might outline tomorrow’s warfare challenges and helps in shaping the fight parts of our personal forces. The bias must be much less on manpower however extra on real-time precession firepower. Thus, the essential shift in our conflict technique must be Information Domination (together with administration of Space belongings) adopted by large precession fireplace from brief and lengthy ranges. Therefore, the essential technique has to shift to having 60 % offensive belongings and solely 40% defensive belongings. Further, to allow a timed growth, a assure of budgets (ideally greater than 3-4% of GDP be yearly ensured). All that is depending on India’s financial rise, which is sure to occur. Otherwise, let the patriotic Indians contribute in a ‘Bharat Raksha Fund’ and de-link Indian Military transformation from the routine finances. It is then, possibly after 15-20 years that the Indian Armed Forces will emerge as a self-reliant first-grade army drive.

Finally, the opening part of any conflict will likely be pivotal on the important time of fireside. Fire for impact would allow any defender to stymie a wave of assaults, because the Chinese all the time do. Obviously, by executing a number of the conflict altering methods (together with Nuclear Deterrence) as talked about above, will nullify China’s standard superiority and fight differential ratio. Thus, India-China battle would once more turn out to be a ‘Zero Sum Game’. This equation will naturally give India the fitting place within the comity of countries and that India would then turn out to be an element of stability in world peace.


Also read Part I

DISCLAIMER : Views expressed above are the writer’s personal.


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