Top programming languages: Python reigns supreme and COBOL sees a pandemic increase

IEEE Spectrum simply launched its 2020 rating. Python sits atop as soon as once more, however the checklist options a couple of surprises.

Image: iStock/monsitj

IEEE Spectrum just lately introduced its the top programming language of 2020, because it has for the quick few years. 

This 12 months’s roundup options no modifications within the high three spots with Python coming in on high. After that, Java locations second with C coming in shut behind in third. Rounding out the sphere, C++ makes the checklist rating fourth; the identical place it held within the 2019 IEEE Spectrum list.

To decide the rankings, IEEE Spectrum makes use of a mix of almost a dozen metrics throughout on-line sources “we think are good proxies for the popularity of 55 languages,” based on the corporate. These sources include GitHub, CareerBuilder, Hacker News, Google, Reddit, Twitter, the IEEE, and Stack Overflow.

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Compared to earlier rankings, there are not any modifications till the fifth spot with JavaScript. In 2019, JavaScript was ranked sixth general behind R, however leapfrogs the latter programming language within the newest checklist. 

Interestingly, Arduino holds the seventh spot on a listing of programming languages. (It’s necessary to notice that the 2019 report additionally included Arduino, rating it 11th general.) The creator of the report, Stephen Cass, addresses the inclusion head-on.

“Purists may argue that Arduino is not a language but rather a hardware platform that is programmed using a derivative of Wiring, which itself is derived from C/C++,” wrote Cass. “But we have always taken a very pragmatic approach to our definition of “programming language,” and the reality is that when people are looking to use an Arduino-compatible microcontroller, they typically search for “Arduino code” or buy books about “Arduino programming,” not “Wiring code” or “C programming.”

In order, Go, Swift, and Matlab round out the top 10. It’s important to note that the IEEE Spectrum rankings are interactive. This allows those so-inclined to manipulate the metric weight. As Cass explained, “Think one measure is far more helpful than the others? Max it out. Disagree with us in regards to the price of one other? Turn it off.”

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The coronavirus pandemic has also left an indelible mark on the latest rankings; namely with the surge in COBOL inquiries in some platforms. For example, if Twitter metrics were solely used to determine these rankings, COBOL would have placed seventh overall, per the report.

Cass notes that this is “probably resulting from the truth that in April, after we had been gathering the Twitter knowledge, COBOL was within the information as a result of unemployment profit methods in US states had been crashing beneath the load as employees had been laid off resulting from lockdowns.”

Last but not least, Racket is the last programming language to make the cut at 55.

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