Preparing for the Brave New World of 2050 (2) – Vanguard News

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By Obadiah Mailafia

The first a part of this piece printed final week submitted that whereas getting ready for the emergent new world, governments should put money into human capital and abilities, whereas updating the technical competencies of younger individuals

I met the Japanese-American physicist Michio Kaku a number of years in the past at a global scientific convention in Jordan. An writer of a number of widespread science greatest sellers, he’s a number one researcher on string idea.

Kaku predicts that in future issues like star ships, time journey, invisibility and teleportation could also be potential. According to him, we could also be approaching the twilight of the gods: “In ancient times, we used to fear the gods; tomorrow we would become the gods.”

Thirty years in the past, once I was a scholar at Ahmadu Bello University, there was just one laptop on campus. Its energy was only a fraction of what your common laptop computer can do at the moment. There was no web and no electronic mail; to not speak of Google, sensible telephones or Twitter.

According to Moore’s Law, computing energy doubles each 18 months. By 2050, we might be dwelling in a world of quantum computer systems, with capacities that may solely be imagined. The Internet of Things, IOT, will probably be in every single place. Computers and nanotechnology will result in extraordinary breakthroughs in drugs and communications.

Instantaneous translation will probably be potential. The mind-computer interface will result in developments in prosthetics that can permit paralytics to operate usually whereas the blind will be capable to see with synthetic eyes.

There will probably be a proliferation of maglev trains and transcontinental oceanic hyperloops with speeds exceeding 700 mph. Air taxis and driverless automobiles will turn into mainstream whereas robotics and synthetic intelligence, AI, will revolutionise the way in which we dwell, be taught and work. Advances in 5-G connectivity, and blockchain will revolutionise commerce and finance.

Fusion energy crops will result in new types of low cost and clear vitality. Nanotechnology, stem cells and genetic engineering will present cures for most cancers, arthritis, Alzheimer, diabetes and HIV/AIDS.

Customised infants might turn into the norm whereas ageing and demise will more and more be consigned to the area of particular person alternative. Human blood will probably be produced in laboratories. There will probably be needle-free injections that will probably be administered by jet-injections. Vertical and greenhouse farming will probably be frequent along with manufacturing of synthetic meat.

Drones will probably be ubiquitous. Supersonic avionics will probably be again whereas electrical airplanes will disrupt the aviation business. Space tourism will probably be patronised by the rich. It is forecasted that,Alpha Centauri, our neighbouring galaxy, will probably be inside attain by 2040.

There will probably be a brand new scramble for the colonisation of outer house. Humanity is on the verge of “technological singularity”, the place the interface between mind, computer systems and physique implants will profoundly redefine what it means to be human.

But there are risks. Global warming will worsen, except pressing collective motion is taken to reverse the pattern. The Amazon rainforest is being destroyed; irreversible melting of the Greenland ice sheet may happen.

In the face of rising sea ranges, 200 million individuals run the chance of displacement whereas total island nations similar to Tuvalu, Solomon Islands, Kiribati, the Maldives and among the Caribbean islands might disappear altogether. Climate change is exacerbating the issue of useful resource stress, notably contemporary water, meals methods and competitors for metals and minerals.

Scientists inform us that we now dwell within theAnthropocene Age the place human beings can alter the physiognomy of the biosphere. With a inhabitants veering on 10 billion past 2050, we might have reached the uttermost limits of demographic sustainability. Food shortages, famines, illnesses and natural-resource depletion will create a brand new Malthusian nightmare.

The late astrophysicist Stephen Hawking expressed profound fears that technological strides with out the requisite rebirth in human nature will result in a extra harmful world. He feared that,A.I., for instance, might be set on a conflict path with people.

Religious fanatics and ideological extremists will be capable to manufacture bespoke WMD. Genetically manufactured viruses may spell catastrophe for humanity.

Nations that fail to realign their nationwide methods to hook on to neural networks of financial alternative will regress whereas the life-chances of their individuals will diminish. Financial and banking contagion results will turn into harder to include in future.

So will viral pandemics. Radical terrorists can recruit extra followers utilizing social media and different types of digital communications. Policing borders, patrolling cyber criminals and retaining out radical extremist concepts will turn into a nightmare for nationwide authorities.

My era grew up within the shadow of Pax Americana. From Woodrow Wilson to Harry Truman, American statesmen helped in designing the architectureof the post-war worldwide order that has assured the worldwide equilibrium. But American affect is in decline.

It is a truism that the centre of world gravity during the last 30 years has steadily been shifting from the West to the East.

Napoleon Bonaparte famously counselled that we should let China sleep, as a result of, when she wakes up, the world will tremble. The Chinese Dragon has woken up. The world that Humpty-Dumpty constructed won’t ever be the identical once more.

In phrases of nominal GDP, the USA at the moment is $21.44 trillion as contrasted to China’s $14.four trillion. But when it comes to buying energy parity (PPP), the USA is $21.44 trillion whereas China is already forward at $27.31 trillion. The Chinese themselves are uncomfortable with such comparisons.

The Chinese have by no means pretended to be democrats. I doubt if they’ve ever recognized with theenlightenment internationalism of Immanuel Kant or the humane jurisprudence of the Jesuit Fathers of Salamanca; to not speak of the worldwide civic spirit of a Dag Hammarskjold or Kofi Annan.I’d not go as far as to explain them as the brand new barbarian pagans with energy however no accountability.

Poor international governance will make collective safety extra problematic. Rogue states, armed bandits, guerrillas and terrorist organisationsmay wax stronger. Democracies could also be compelled to resort to “undemocratic” means totackle them. The moral-constitutional foundations of the worldwide liberal order as we’ve at all times recognized it can come more and more below pressure.

For rising economies, the years forward will create unprecedented alternatives and challenges. Prosperity within the 21st centurywill be dependent onpossession of sturdy establishments, political stability, property rights and the rule of regulation. Echoing the Swiss historian Jacob Burckhardt, I daresay that each profitable state is a murals.

Great nations should not merchandise of probability. They are the handiworks of nice statesmen with imaginative and prescient, ardour, braveness and creativeness. Nations, empires and civilisations have risen and fallen all through historical past. There are not any ensures wherever. Leaders that mobilise their peoples round grand visions will see their nations go ahead. Those that pursue the trail of folly will go below.

Nigeria has turn into a sick, rudderless ship; a violent and lawless Hobbesian nightmare; an oil-dependent rentier,debt-ridden, vastly corrupt and more and more impecunious ghetto; ruled by an atrociously narrow-minded, nepotistic oligarchy.Even college youngsters know that our ramshackle behemoth is doomed. The “Spirit of Sudan” is a phantom that refuses to go away.

Some of our compatriots have given up already. But I dare to consider {that a} New Nigeria is feasible. It should be a re-engineered federation primarily based on a brand new constitutional compact;a forward-looking democracy anchored on freedom, the rule of regulation and social justice.

We should reinvent authorities as a servant of the individuals, not their grasp; a compassionate, enlightened, and entrepreneurial state,primarily based on market principlesthat assure collective welfare and safety for all. And we should plan for a world with out oil, the place hydrogen and sustainable vitality sources change hydrocarbons.

Leadership, human capital, energy and infrastructures, science, expertise and innovation, and fostering belief and social concord amongst all our individuals, will matter greater than the rest.

I’m persuaded that the vocation of our era is to construct a New Nigeria – to reinvent our nation as a beacon of hope and a light-weight unto the nations.



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